Case Studies

  • Fiji: Preparing for the End of Preferences?

    This case study of Fiji explores the way in which its government and people are preparing to deal with the expected end of preferential trading relationships, and is based largely on interviews conducted in Fiji over several days in August 2004. In March 1997 the WTO Secretariat published its report of Fiji’s first review under the Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM).

  • Shanghai’s WTO Affairs Consultation Center: Working Together to Take Advantage of WTO Membership

    China’s accession to the World Trade Organization in 2001, following fifteen years of difficult negotiations, was a watershed event both for the WTO and its members and for China. Chinese government officials and those who followed the progress of the negotiations over the years knew that accession would bring with it the necessity of a large number of reforms in domestic economic policies, many of which would require adapting the outlook of Chinese business establishments. Those who understood the WTO also knew that it would be difficult to implement certain of the accession-related changes in ways that met the expectations of China’s trading partners.

  • The SPS Agreement and Crisis Management: The Chile-EU Avian Influenza Experience

    In May 2002, Chilean sanitary authorities were notified of a possible outbreak of avian influenza(1) (AI — also known as bird flu). Until then, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) had never occurred in Chile(2) or in any other country in South America.

  • Cambodia’s Accession to the WTO: ‘Fast Track’ Accession by a Least Developed Country

    In 1994, Cambodia applied for membership of the WTO. Following the Doha Declaration of November 2001 that eased membership conditions for least developed counties, Cambodia’s membership was finally approved in September 2003 at the Cancun Ministerial Conference. However, membership did not become effective until a year later because an internal political deadlock in Cambodia after the July 2003 elections delayed ratification.

  • Brazil and the G-20 Group of Developing Countries

    It is widely known that Brazil, as a major exporter of agricultural and agro-industrial goods, has adopted an offensive stance in negotiations on the liberalization of trade in agriculture taking place in the WTO, as well as in other negotiating processes. In line with this Brazil has participated actively in the Cairns Group — a coalition of developed and developing countries exporting agricultural products — both during and after the Uruguay Round. As the launching of a new multilateral round of trade negotiations was being discussed, Brazil pushed for including in the agenda ambitious goals related to market access and the reduction or elimination of export and domestic support schemes. Moreover, in the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and EU-Mercosur negotiations, Brazil has presented proposals consistent with those developed in the multilateral arena.