Case Studies

  • Victory in Principle: Pakistan’s Dispute Settlement Case on Combed Cotton Yarn Exports to the United States

    This was the first time in the trade history of Pakistan that a case went through all the stages of the WTO dispute settlement mechanism.(2) After the failure of bilateral consultations as the first stage of the case, Pakistan had to take the case to the Textile Monitoring Board (TMB) and finally to the Dispute Settlement Board (DSB) of the WTO.

  • Learning by Doing: The Impact of a Trade Remedy Case in Korea

    This study deals with a particular case submitted to the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM) dealing with restrictions on the export of Korean(1) colour televisions sets to the United States. It is a story of how Korea used the WTO DSM as part of an overall strategy to eliminate a trade barrier that had been in place for fifteen years. It is also a story of how Korea’s attitude towards the WTO changed. Thus, before we start dealing with this particular case, we need to look at some background, at what Koreans think about trade and their initial perception of the WTO.

  • The Indian Shrimp Industry Organizes to Fight the Threat of Anti-Dumping Action

    This case study deals with the way in which the Indian shrimp industry responded when faced with an anti-dumping action in the United States. It also indicates the potential impact of the anti-dumping action on the fragmented, small-producers-dominated industry.

  • Costa Rica’s Challenge to US Restrictions on the Import of Underwear

    In March 1995 the United States claimed that its domestic underwear industry was being seriously damaged or threatened with actual damage by imported cotton and man-made-fibre underwear(1) from Costa Rica and six other countries.(2) The United States initiated consultations with the countries alleged to be damaging or threatening its industry with the intention of invoking the transitional safeguard provisions of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC).

  • Case Study 09: Canada and the WTO: Multilevel Governance, Public Policy-Making and the WTO Auto Pact Case

    In 1994 the Canadian Parliament adopted legislation to implement the Uruguay Round with virtually no opposition. The measure was easily passed by the House of Commons with a vote of 185-7