WTO Agreements

30/11/2010    26624

The WTO agreements cover goods, services and intellectual property. They spell out the principles of liberalization, and the permitted exceptions. They include individual countries’ commitments to lower customs tariffs and other trade barriers, and to open and keep open services markets. They set procedures for settling disputes. They prescribe special treatment for developing countries. They require governments to make their trade policies transparent by notifying the WTO about laws in force and measures adopted, and through regular reports by the secretariat on countries’ trade policies.

Marrakesh Declaration of 15 April 1994

Final Act embodying the results of the Uruguay round of multilateral trade negotiations 

Agreement establishing the world trade organization

Annex 1

Annex 1A    Multilateral agreements on trade in goods

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994   (Must be read with GATT 1947)

Agreement on agriculture

Agreement on the application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures

Agreement on textiles and clothing

Agreement on technical barriers to trade

Agreement on trade-related investment measures

Agreement on implementation of Article VI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994

Agreement on implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994

Agreement on preshipment inspection

Agreement on rules of origin

Agreement on import licensing procedures

Agreement on subsidies and countervailing measures

Agreement on safeguards

Agreement on trade facilitation

Annex 1B   General Agreement on Trade in Services

Annex 1C  Agreement on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights 

Annex 2  Understanding on rules and procedures governing the settlement of disputes

Annex 3  Trade policy review mechanism

Annex 4    Plurilateral Trade Agreements

Annex 4(a)  Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft

Annex 4(b)  Agreement on Government Procurement 1994 (expired in 2021)

        Revised Agreement on Government Procurement 2012 

Annex 4(c)  International Dairy Agreement

Annex 4(d)  International Bovine Meat Agreement