“Farm to Fork” Strategy in EU Green Deal

21/12/2023    6

“Farm to Fork” (F2F) Strategy was presented by the European Commission on 20th May 2020, and is assumed to be the key measure to implement the target of making food system fair, healthy, and environmentally-friendly.

For objectives, F2F Strategy aims at 04 main targets which are Food Loss and Waste, sustainable food production, sustainable food processing and distribution, sustainable food consumption.

Regarding sustainable food production, F2F Strategy sets high targets for 2030, including:

- Reducing by 50% in the use and risk of chemical pesticides and reducing by 50% in the use of more hazardous pesticides;

- Reducing nutrient losses by at least 50% while ensuring no deterioration in soil fertility;

- Reducing the use of pesticides by at least 20%;

- Reducing by 50% of sales of antimicrobials for farmed animals and in aquaculture;

- Achieving at least 25% of agricultural land under organic farming.

For implementation of F2F Strategy, an Action Plan with a specific roadmap to achieve targets set in the Strategy has been identified and implemented in practice, of which there are some noticeable actions affecting exports from Vietnam.

Table – Some remarkable steps in F2F Strategy Implementation Roadmap



Q2 2022

Revision of the Sustainable Use of Pesticides legislation to significantly reduce risk and dependency on pesticides and enhance Integrated Pest Management

Revision of rules to facilitate placing on the market of biopesticides

Q3 2022

Revision of EU marketing standards for agricultural, fishery and aquaculture products to ensure the uptake and supply of sustainable products

Q4 2022

Revision of the feed additives legislation to reduce the environmental impact of livestock farming

Origin indication for certain products

Harmonised mandatory front-of-pack nutrition labelling to enable consumers to make health conscious food choices

Revision of rules on date marking (‘use by’ and ‘best before’ dates) to reduce food waste

Q2 2023

Revision of Food Contact Materials legislation to improve food safety, ensure citizens’ health and reduce the environmental footprint of the sector

Q4 2023

Sustainable food labelling framework to empower consumers to make sustainable food choices

Revision of the animal welfare legislation to broaden its scope and ensure a higher level of animal welfare

Source: Summary of VCCI Research Group

It can be seen that among tentative actions, there are many legislative measures (amendment, supplement of binding legal regulations) relating to standards, quality, marketing methods, etc. of agricultural and food products. These rules apply to both the EU’s products and imports from the outside to the EU. Therefore, there must be special attention to these measures in production, export of agricultural and food products to the EU.

Source: Report "EU Green Deal and Vietnam's Exports - The case of the agricultural, food and textile industries" – Center for WTO and International Trade